A growing number of national governments and transnational organisations have announced plans to develop and implement COVID-19 immunity-based travel documents and/or digital verification systems to either allow their citizens to prove their vaccination status to authorities in host countries or limit their own international visitors to those who can prove they have received an inoculation. Whilst the concept of ‘vaccine passports’ remains a controversial one, significant progress has already been made towards designing and implementing these systems. However, at this juncture, several conceptual and practical concerns over the feasibility of restricting international air transport to vaccinated passengers remain unaddressed.
In this report, Osprey Flight Solutions provides an illustrative list of publicly announced vaccine passport schemes alongside a summary of their progress. This is followed by an overview of the issues their proponents face, alongside advice for a workable solution, and an outline of the near-term impact on ‘post-pandemic air travel.